The following are some of the most common vision conditions we diagnose and treat at PersonalEYES Vision Care. Your optometrist will explain the results of your exam in-depth.
Farsightedness, or hyperopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. Nearsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
Astigmatism is a vision condition that causes blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye.
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America. It results from changes to the macula, a portion of the retina that is responsible for clear, sharp vision and is located at the back of the eye
A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon its size and location, it can interfere with normal vision. Most cataracts develop in people over age 55, but they occasionally occur in infants and young children. Usually cataracts develop in both eyes, but one may be worse than the other.
Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects. Not to worry, this is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease, and it cannot be prevented. Some signs include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm’s length, blurred vision at normal reading distance and eye fatigue along with headaches when doing close work. To help, PersonalEYES can prescribe reading glasses, bifocals, trifocals or contact lenses.
Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the internal pressure in your eyes increases enough to damage the nerve fibers in your optic nerve and cause vision loss. The increase in pressure happens when the passages that normally allow fluid in your eyes to drain become clogged or blocked. The reasons that the passages become blocked are not known.
Conjunctivitis, or “Pink Eye” is a fairly common eye disease caused by either a bacterial or viral infection, or by other irritants such as allergens or smoke. When the conjunctiva, or the thin transparent layer of tissue on the inside of the eyelid becomes irritated or infected, most people will feel itching or burning, and will notice excessive tearing or discharge. Also, the affected eye may turn pink, as its name suggests. Other symptoms may include swelling of the eyelid, photosensitivity, and a “gritty” feeling in the affected eye.
Conjunctivitis is especially common in children, and can affect one or both eyes. Most cases are fairly typical and usually mild, but if left untreated can lead to more serious issues. Some cases of conjunctivitis can be very contagious, and measures should be taken to ensure that the infection does not spread.
Whether someone is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (commonly known as juvenile diabetes) or type 2 (adult onset) diabetes, a yearly eye health and vision examination is not only in his or her best interest, it’s oftentimes required by your primary care doctor or endocrinologist. Retinopathy is defined as as a condition affecting the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a condition where the blood vessels in the retina do not transport blood as easily (think black-soaker garden hose). Over time, if blood sugar or blood glucose is out of control it can cause these blood vessels to leak, and like a soaker hose, they lose fluid or contents along the way. This can lead to swelling or edema of the retina, and in some advanced cases, abnormal blood vessel growth. Oftentimes, poor blood sugar control goes unnoticed until it is causing moderate to severe diabetic retinopathy, which is why an annual diabetic eye health and vision examination is in a patient with diabetes’ best interest.
A primary care doctor or endocrinologist is interested to know the condition of the retina, as the blood vessels that travel through the retina are a part of the same blood vessel system that travels through the fingertips, toes, and kidneys. So, these doctors want to make sure that the blood vessels in the retina are performing normally (think green garden hose).
Finally, at PersonalEYES, our eye doctors are interested in whether or not your blood sugar is controlled so that they can better determine the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Our doctors are well-trained to help monitor you for any change in your retinal health and vision.